By: Marijke Colle
This article was used by Marijke Colle in her lecture on the Marxism and Ecology during the 7th Asian Global Justice School on July 15, 2015 in Quezon City, Philippines.
This end of the year, from the 30th of November until the 11th of December, the 21st meeting of the “Conference of Parties” (COP) will take place in Paris, France.
What is the history of these negotiations?
The UNFCCC = United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, is the main treaty on climate.It recognizes the human origin of the current climate change and the main historical responsibility for it by the industrialised rich nations in the past.This convention was adopted during the Rio de Janeiro summit in May 1992 and was activated on the 21st of March 1994 after ratification by 195 states (and also by the EU).
The COP (conference of Parties) is the main body of this convention, and it meets every year to take decisions in order to respect the aim of the fight against climate change. In those meetings, all decisions have to be reached by a unanimous vote!
COP 21 will take place at Le Bourget, near Paris and about 40,000+ participants are expected: delegations from civil society – NGO’s working on climate change, private companies, scientists, local authorities, indigenous people delegates, as well as the official government representatives. The media will also be present in big numbers.